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The Orders and Rules of Racing

2. Equine Anti-Doping Rule Violations


2.1 The presence of a Prohibited Substance in a Horse's Sample.

2.1.1 It is each Responsible Person's personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance is present in a Horse's body. Responsible Persons are responsible for any Prohibited Substance found to be present in a Horse's Sample. It is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing Use be demonstrated to establish an equine anti-doping rule violation under Rule 2.1.
2.1.2 The presence of a substance in a Horse's body shall only constitute a violation of Rule 2.1 if it is found to be present at a time at which it is prohibited under these Equine Anti-Doping Rules. Accordingly, the presence of a substance in a Horse's body Out-of-Competition will not be a violation of Rule 2.1 if the substance concerned is prohibited on Raceday only.
2.1.3 Subject to Rule 2.1.4, sufficient proof of an equine anti-doping rule violation under Rule 2.1 is established by any of the following: presence of a Prohibited Substance in the Horse's A Sample where the Responsible Person waives or is deemed to have waived analysis of the B Sample and the B Sample is not analysed; or where the Horse's B Sample is analysed and the analysis of the Horse's B Sample confirms the presence of the Prohibited Substance found in the Horse's A Sample; or, where the Horse's B Sample is split into two portions and the analysis of the second portion confirms the presence of the Prohibited Substance found in the first.
2.1.4 Rule 2.1.3 shall not apply where the Prohibited Substance is present only in a hair Sample. Nothing however shall prohibit the use of hair Sample Analysis to establish any other equine anti-doping rule violation, whether on its own or in conjunction with other evidence.
2.1.5 Except for those substances for which a quantitative threshold is specifically identified in the Prohibited List, the presence of any quantity of a Prohibited Substance in a Horse's Sample shall constitute an equine anti-doping rule violation.
2.1.6 As an exception to the general rule of Rule 2.1, these Rules may provide for an investigation to be carried out for the evaluation of Prohibited Substances that can also be produced endogenously.